McGraw Hill Connect BUS 530 Finance Week 2, full homework, 25 problems with fully worked solutions, work shown. Text: Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, Brealy, 7th edition  You have set up your tax preparation firm as an incorporated business. You took $77,500 from the firm as your salary. The firm’s taxable income for the year (net of your salary) was $15,000. Assume you pay personal taxes as an unmarried taxpayer. Use the tax rates presented in Table 3-5 and Table 3-7.a.How much taxes must be paid to the federal government, including both your personal taxes and the firm’s taxes?By how much will you reduce the total tax bill by reducing your salary to $57,500, thereby leaving the firm with taxable income of $35,000? The year-end 2010 balance sheet of Brandex Inc. listed common stock and other paid-in capital at $2,600,000 and retained earnings at $4,900,000. The next year, retained earnings were listed at $5,200,000. The firm’s net income in 2011 was $1,050,000. There were no stock repurchases during the year. What were the dividends paid by the firm in 2011? Construct a balance sheet for Sophie’s Sofas given the following data. (Be sure to list the assets and liabilities in order of their liquidity.)       Cash balances=$5,000    Inventory of sofas=$150,000    Store and property=$50,000    Accounts receivable=$17,000    Accounts payable=$12,000    Long-term debt=$120,000        The founder of Alchemy Products, Inc., discovered a way to turn lead into gold and patented this new technology. He then formed a corporation and invested $100,000 in setting up a production plant. He believes that he could sell his patent for $24 million. a.What are the book value and market value of the firm? (Enter your answers in dollars not in millions.)b.If there are 1 million shares of stock in the new corporation, what would be the price per share and the book value per share? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)  Sheryl’s Shipping had sales last year of $13,500. The cost of goods sold was $7,200, general and administrative expenses were $1,700, interest expenses were $1,200, and depreciation was $1,700. The firm’s tax rate is 30%.  a.What are earnings before interest and taxes?b. what is net income? c. What is cash flows from operations? Ponzi Products produced 118 chain letter kits this quarter, resulting in a total cash outlay of $10 per unit. It will sell 59 of the kits next quarter at a price of $11, and the other 59 kits in two quarters at a price of $12. It takes a full quarter for it to collect its bills from its customers. (Ignore possible sales in earlier or later quarters and assume all positive cash flow is distributed as expenses or earnings to shareholders.) a.Prepare an income statement for Ponzi for today and for each of the next three quarters. Ignore taxes. (Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required.)What are the cash flows for the company today and in each of the next three quarters? What is Ponzi’s net working capital in each quarter?   During the last year of operations, accounts receivable increased by $10,900, accounts payable increased by $5,900, and inventories decreased by $2,900. What is the total impact of these changes on the difference between profits and cash flow? b.What would happen to net income and cash flow if depreciation were increased by $2.30 million? (Input all amounts as positive values. Enter your answers in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.) Butterfly Tractors had $20.50 million in sales last year. Cost of goods sold was $9.30 million, depreciation expense was $3.30 million, interest payment on outstanding debt was $2.30 million, and the firm’s tax rate was 30%. a.What was the firm’s net income and net cash flow? (Enter your answers in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.)d.What would be the impact on net income and cash flow if the firm’s interest expense were $2.30 million higher. (Input all amounts as positive values. Enter your answers in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.) Candy Canes, Inc., spends $235,000 to buy sugar and peppermint in April. It produces its candy and sells it to distributors in May for $300,000, but it does not receive payment until June. For each month, find the firm’s sales, net income, and net cash flow   The table below contains data on Fincorp, Inc., the balance sheet items correspond to values at year-end of 2010 and 2011, while the income statement items correspond to revenues or expenses during the year ending in either 2010 or 2011. All values are in thousands of dollars.  20102011  Revenue$4,700  $4,800    Cost of goods sold1,950  2,050    Depreciation570  590    Inventories335  420    Administrative expenses570  620    Interest expense220  220    Federal and state taxes*470  490    Accounts payable335  420    Accounts receivable442  520    Net fixed assets†5,700  6,570    Long-term debt2,700  3,100    Notes payable1,035  670    Dividends paid550  550    Cash and marketable securities870  370   * Taxes are paid in their entirety in the year that the tax obligation is incurred.† Net fixed assets are fixed assets net of accumulated depreciation since the asset was installed. Suppose that Fincorp has 500,000 shares outstanding. What were earnings per share? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)  The table below contains data on Fincorp, Inc., the balance sheet items correspond to values at year-end of 2010 and 2011, while the income statement items correspond to revenues or expenses during the year ending in either 2010 or 2011. All values are in thousands of dollars.  20102011  Revenue$3,800  $3,900    Cost of goods sold1,500  1,600    Depreciation480  500    Inventories360  470    Administrative expenses480  530    Interest expense130  130    Federal and state taxes*380  400    Accounts payable360  470    Accounts receivable472  570    Net fixed assets†4,800  5,580    Long-term debt1,800  2,200    Notes payable1,060  720    Dividends paid370  370    Cash and marketable securities780  280   * Taxes are paid in their entirety in the year that the tax obligation is incurred.† Net fixed assets are fixed assets net of accumulated depreciation since the asset was installed. What was the firm’s average tax bracket for each year? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)  Here are simplified financial statements of Phone Corporation from a recent year:   INCOME STATEMENT (Figures in millions of dollars)  Net sales13,300    Cost of goods sold4,160    Other expenses4,087    Depreciation2,578     Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)2,475    Interest expense695     Income before tax1,780    Taxes (at 30%)534     Net income1,246    Dividends876       BALANCE SHEET (Figures in millions of dollars) End of YearStart of Year  Assets       Cash and marketable securities91  160       Receivables2,482  2,530       Inventories197  248       Other current assets877  942           Total current assets3,647  3,880       Net property, plant, and equipment19,993  19,935       Other long-term assets4,236  3,790           Total assets27,876  27,605     Liabilities and shareholders’ equity       Payables2,584  3,060       Short-term debt1,429  1,583       Other current liabilities821  797           Total current liabilities4,834  5,440       Long-term debt and leases6,520  6,475       Other long-term liabilities6,198  6,169       Shareholders’ equity10,324  9,521           Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity27,876  27,605      Calculate the following financial ratios: (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)         a.Long-term debt ratio[removed]  b.Total debt ratio[removed]  c.Times interest earned[removed]  d.Cash coverage ratio[removed]  e.Current ratio[removed]  f.Quick ratio[removed]  g.Operating profit margin[removed] % h.Inventory turnover[removed]  i.Days in inventory[removed] days j.Average collection period[removed] days k.Return on equity[removed] %* l.Return on assets[removed] % m.Return on capital[removed] %** n.Payout ratio[removed] * – use average equity ** – use average capital    Here are simplified financial statements of Phone Corporation from a recent year: INCOME STATEMENT (Figures in millions of dollars)  Net sales12,800    Cost of goods sold3,860    Other expenses4,127    Depreciation2,398     Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)2,415    Interest expense665     Income before tax1,750    Taxes (at 30%)525     Net income1,225    Dividends836    BALANCE SHEET (Figures in millions of dollars) End of YearStart of Year  Assets       Cash and marketable securities85       154            Receivables2,182       2,410            Inventories167       218            Other current assets847       912                Total current assets3,281       3,694            Net property, plant, and equipment19,933       19,875            Other long-term assets4,176       3,730                Total assets27,390       27,299          Liabilities and shareholders’ equity       Payables2,524       3,000            Short-term debt1,399       1,553            Other current liabilities791       767                Total current liabilities4,714       5,320            Long-term debt and leases8,014       7,549            Other long-term liabilities6,138       6,109            Shareholders’ equity8,524       8,321                Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity27,390       27,299         Phone Corp.’s stock price was $80 at the end of the year. There were 201 million shares outstanding. a.What was the company’s market capitalization and market value added? (Enter your answers in billions rounded to 2 decimal places.) b.What was its market-to-book ratio? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)    Here are simplified financial statements of Phone Corporation from a recent year:  INCOME STATEMENT (Figures in millions of dollars)  Net sales12,300    Cost of goods sold3,610    Other expenses4,022    Depreciation2,248     Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)2,420    Interest expense640     Income before tax1,780    Taxes (at 35%)623     Net income1,157    Dividends756    BALANCE SHEET (Figures in millions of dollars) End of YearStart of Year  Assets       Cash and marketable securities80  149       Receivables1,932  2,310       Inventories142  193       Other current assets822  887           Total current assets2,976  3,539       Net property, plant, and equipment19,883  19,825       Other long-term assets4,126  3,680           Total assets26,985  27,044     Liabilities and shareholders’ equity       Payables2,474  2,950       Short-term debt1,374  1,528       Other current liabilities766  742           Total current liabilities4,614  5,220       Long-term debt and leases9,259  8,444       Other long-term liabilities6,088  6,059       Shareholders’ equity7,024  7,321           Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity26,985  27,044    Phone Corp.’s cost of capital was 7.4%. What was Phone Corp.’s economic value added? (Enter your answer in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.)Consider the following information:    Davis   Chili’sBagwell Company  Return on equity (ROE)14.40%   9.30%      Plowback ratio0.37      0.72         Sustainable growth5.90%   7.10%     a.What would the sustainable growth rate be if Davis Chili’s plowback ratio rose to the same value as Bagwell Company? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)b.What would the sustainable growth rate be if Davis Chili’s return on equity were only 13.4%? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) Chik’s Chickens has average accounts receivable of $6,983. Sales for the year were $10,500. What is its average collection period? (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) Salad Daze maintains an inventory of produce worth $590. Its total bill for produce over the course of the year was $83,000. How old on average is the lettuce it serves its customers? (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)   Assume a firm’s inventory level of $13,000 represents 36 days’ sales. What is the inventory turnover ratio? (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)   Lever Age pays a(n) 9% rate of interest on $10.1 million of outstanding debt with face value $10.1 million. The firm’s EBIT was $1.1 million. a.What is times interest earned? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)b.If depreciation is $210,000, what is cash coverage? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) c.If the firm must retire $310,000 of debt for the sinking fund each year, what is its “fixed-payment cash-coverage ratio” (the ratio of cash flow to interest plus other fixed debt payments)? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)  Keller Cosmetics maintains an operating profit margin of 5.8% and asset turnover ratio of 3.8. a.What is its ROA? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) b.If its debt-equity ratio is 1, its interest payments and taxes are each $8,800, and EBIT is $20,800, what is its ROE? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)Torrid Romance Publishers has total receivables of $3,120, which represents 20 days’ sales. Total assets are $94,900. The firm’s operating profit margin is 5.5%. Find the firm’s asset turnover ratio and ROA. (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) A firm has a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.63 and a market-to-book ratio of 3.0. What is the ratio of the book value of debt to the market value of equity? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)   In the past year, TVG had revenues of $2.90 million, cost of goods sold of $2.40 million, and depreciation expense of $110,000. The firm has a single issue of debt outstanding with book value of $1.20 million on which it pays an interest rate of 10%. What is the firm’s times interest earned ratio? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) A firm has a long-term debt-equity ratio of 0.5. Shareholders’ equity is $1.07 million. Current assets are $256,500, and the current ratio is 1.9. The only current liabilities are notes payable. What is the total debt ratio? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)  
 
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