Please reply to each post- minimum 100 words each:
If we define a personality disorder as deviating from the cultural norm, that can become problematic. Just because a person comes from a different culture than me and therefore has different cultural norms does not mean they have a personality disorder it just means they were raised with different cultural norms than I was. "Only when personality traits are inflexible and maladaptive and cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress do they constitute personality disorders." (Association, A. P. 2013 P. 647). This tells us that someone has to have a significant history with someone or interact with them almost daily in order to report any sort of personality disorder suspicion.
Social workers should be cautious when giving this diagnosis because these reasons. They should also take into account that there could be many other things that have seemingly changed the clients personality recently. Perhaps they’ve recently been through a traumatic or stressful incident and have PTSD, perhaps they have an undiagnosed medical condition, perhaps they have started abusing drugs or alcohol, possibly they’re suffering a depressive episode or anxiety. Also, if a social worker is unfamiliar with the culture the client comes from, diagnosing them with a personality disorder could be very incorrect.
"On the supportive end of the continuum, goals involve the strengthening of defenses and self-esteem, validation of feelings, internalization of the therapeutic relationship, and development of a greater capacity to cope with disturbing feelings." (Corcoran, J., & Walsh, J. M., 2019 P. 208). From a Christian perspective all of these things (self-esteem, validation, strengthening ourselves) are things we get from God and His word. Because I am a Christian and know the Bible, I should be able to relay the encouragement and strengthening I’ve experienced to my clients. If they are open to it, I could also share scripture with them.
Association, A. P. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®) (5th Edition). American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.. https://libertyonline.vitalsource.com/books/9780890425572
Corcoran, J., & Walsh, J. M. (2019). Mental Health in Social Work (3rd Edition). Pearson Education (US). https://libertyonline.vitalsource.com/books/9780135171967
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