PART A: IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN THE SIGNIFICANCE (10 marks)Identify and explain the significance of any FIVE of the following terms. Each answer should beapproximately 4 6 sentences in length and is worth 2 marks. To help you find the most usefulcourse content, I have indicated the relevant module for each term.In your response, be sure to (a) define the term using specific details drawn from readings,learning materials and live sessions, and (b) explain its relevance or importance forunderstanding the phenomenon of globalization. Where appropriate, provide an empiricalexample to clarify your ideas.1. Liberal Internationalism (Module 8)2. The Responsibility to Protect (Module 9)3. Non-Governmental Organizations (Module 10)4. Political Violence (Modules 9 and 10)5. The Greenhouse Effect (Module 11)6. 2015 Paris Agreement (Module 12)7. Pandemic (Module 13)8. UN Millennium Development Goals (Module 13)

PART B: SHORT ANSWERS (10 marks)Using specific details drawn from readings, online learning materials, and live sessions, answerany TWO of the following questions. Each answer should be approximately 12 14 sentencesin length and is worth 5 marks.While you will not specifically be graded on writing style and grammar, you are expected to useproper sentence and paragraph format (i.e. no listing or point-form). Be sure to read carefullyand answer all parts of the question chosen for full marks.
 Question #1: Politics and GlobalizationThe United Nations (U.N.) is one of the most powerful international political organizations inthe world today. This important intergovernmental institution (IGO) is both a result of and adriving force behind processes of political globalization. With 193 voting members, the U.N.plays a key role in addressing issues of international peace and security, sustainabledevelopment, and managing global crises, like climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic.And yet, as we have discussed, the U.N. is not a fully functioning world government.Why is it inaccurate to describe the U.N. as a world government? To answer thisquestion, identify and explain at least two distinct international principles, laws or structures thatconstrain the power of the U.N. to act independently of individual states. Then, identify and describe one historical example that demonstrate the limitations of the U.N. to address globalchallenges.Given the limited ability of the U.N. to act independently of its member states, what role doesthe U.N. play in international relations? Identify and explain at least two distinct ways inwhich the U.N. contributes to its core goals of maintaining international peace and security.Having reflected on the limitations and contributions of the U.N., in your view, overall, is theU.N. beneficial for global well-being and stability? Why or why not? Explain yourassessment with specific reference to details and examples drawn from your readings andlearning modules.Relevant Course Materials:Module 8 Politics and Globalization, Part 1Module 9 Politics and Globalization, Part 2Module 10 Politics and Globalization, Part 3Readings: International Relations and Foreign Policy by MacLean & Wood Chapter 4: The Political Dimension of Globalization by Steger A Brief History of the Responsibility to Protect. [YouTube Video File.] Retrieved from Interview: Romo Dallaire on Rwanda and R2P. [YouTube Video File]. Retrieved from Cronin, A.K. (2015). ISIS is not a terrorist group. Foreign Affairs. Mar
Question #2: Climate Change and GlobalizationThe climate crisis is currently the greatest existential threat facing humanity and the planet, aswe know it. According to the vast majority of climate scientists and ample, long-term scientificresearch from around the globe, this crisis is anthropogenic that is, it is a crisis created byhuman activity on earth. As expressed by scientists, IGOs, NGOs, and activists around theworld, this is a global crisis that requires a global response.What scientific evidence is there to support the conclusion that the climate crisis isanthropogenic? Identify any two distinct human activities that contribute to climate change,explain exactly how these activities impact our natural world, and discuss the consequences ofthese impacts for our planet as a whole.How has the international community responded to this global crisis, and with whateffects? Identify and discuss two distinct international agreements, policies or actions that  have been taken at the global level in response to the climate crisis, and critically discuss theirimpacts.What gets in the way of effective global action to address this existential threat? Identifytwo distinct obstacles that interfere with successful global coordination. In your view, howmight these obstacles and barriers be overcome?Relevant Course Materials:Module 11 Globalization and Climate Change, Part 1Module 12 Globalization and Climate Change, Part 2Readings: Chapter 6: The Ecological Dimension of Globalization by Steger The global deal: climate change and the creation of a new era of progress andprosperity by Stern UN Sustainable Development Goals

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