research a pathology (dysfunction, disorder, or disease) and describe its relationship the anatomy of the organ system that it affects. The paper should be 3-5 pages in length, double-spaced, and in size 12 pt. font. Before we go over what the paper should include, you will need to choose an organ system on which to write your paper. You may choose from:
- The Integumentary System
- The Nervous System
- Endocrine System
- The Skeletal System
- The Muscular System
- The Cardiovascular System
- The Respiratory System
- The Lymphatic System
- The Digestive System
- The Urinary System
- The Reproductive System
The paper should include the following information:
Section 1 – Introduction:
- In this section, you should provide the relevant background information on your organ system and the pathology you have decided to research. It should include:
- A summary of the organ system function(s)
- A summary of the structures/organs included within the system
- The name of the pathology and a brief description
Section 2 – The Organ System
- In this section, you should discuss with more detail the structures/organs within the system and their anatomical characteristics. For each structure and/or organ, you should describe:
- How it relates to the functions of the organ system
- Where it is located within the body
- A discussion of its unique anatomical features
- The relationship between its function and those features
Section 3 – The Pathology
- In this section, you will describe the pathology that you have chosen and its relationship to the organ system, with a focus on the anatomical changes and their relationship to changes in function. You should include:
- An overview of the pathology
- The name of the pathology
- The type of pathology (is it developmental, degenerative, etc.?”
- The age of onset, signs & symptoms, and prognosis
- Available treatments
- In some detail, relate the signs & symptoms of the pathology to the anatomy of the organ system. In other words, how is the anatomy of the organ system changes and how does that lead to manifestation of the pathology? I am looking for a discussion of its mechanism of action here.
- Then, explain how the treatments reverse or alleviate these changes. In other words, how does the treatment lessen the symptoms or cure the pathology?
- An overview of the pathology
Section 4 – Conclusion
- This section is just a conclusion to your paper. It should include a brief summary of what you discussed in your paper. You may also include:
- Some pathologies may not have available treatments. If the pathology you choose falls into this category, in Section 3 you may discuss the challenges faced in developing treatments with a focus on anatomical changes cause by the pathology. In the conclusion, you can discuss any experimental treatments or even hypotheses that exist about how to treat the pathology.
- The socioeconomic impacts of the pathology. Maybe it affects a certain demographic group to a higher degree, maybe it is expensive to treat, maybe policies have been implemented that make it harder to treat people diagnosed with the pathology. These could be interesting discussions to include.
- Any thoughts you have about the pathology. It could be something you were interested to learn, something more you would like to know that hasn’t been determined yet about the pathology, or another relevant point.
You must include a title page (separate from the page limit), and on that page you should include:
- A catchy title – something that makes the reader want to read your paper that is also relevant to what the paper covers
- Your name
- Your institution (SMC)
- The date it was “published”
You must include at least three outside resources. These are resources “outside” of the course content (lectures, textbook, etc.). You should include both in-text citations (parenthetical citations) within your paper and a Works Cited page at the end of your paper. If you are not familiar with how to format in-text and Works Cited citations in APA Format, for more information. Remember, it is always better to over-cite than under-cite in your papers. As a hint – if a paragraph in your paper contains information from a single source, that source should not just be cited at the end of the paragraph, it should be cited frequently throughout the paragraph. You never want anyone to think you are taking credit for information that is not your own.
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