Discussion Board | Graded – 

PEER REPLIES ONLY!!!  2 peers 1 reply each 150 words or so apa source if able.  Peer 1 and peer 2 work is below.

Main Post

Please select one topic from the required readings for this module. For the topic you select, ask yourself a question and then provide the answer. You are free to select whatever topic most interests you, but once a topic has been selected in the forum, you may not repeat it. Therefore, the sooner you complete your initial post, the more topics you will have to pick from. Clearly state the topic, question, and answer in your posting.

Response Posts

You are also required to make two response posts to fellow students. 


Evolution Aviation Security in the United States 


         It always piqued my interest how the security surrounding aviation had grown throughout the year but I never really noticed how far back in the past it started out by noticing the flaws and holes found in aviation security. I stopped to ask myself this question, what led up to the actions taken against the security of aviation? In chapter thirteen of Commercial Aviation Safety; we were reminded of September 11th, 2001 and how what happened on that day changed the way security is handled in aviation. Before going into detail on that event lets note the era of hijacking from the year 1968 to 1987, its hard to believe that someone in their right mind would hijack an aircraft, but in doing so the FAA had to respond with regulations that would prevent those who are unauthorized from entering or being in contact with an aircraft or in air operation areas. The Anti-hijacking or Air Transportation Security Act of 1974 provided the statutory basis for the rules requiring carriers to institute 100% screening of passengers and carry on items and for airport operators to station at least one law enforcement officer at each passenger checkpoint during boarding and pre-boarding (Cusick, Cortes, Rodrigues, 2017, pg. 433). Hijackings  became so out of hand that law passengers were subject to screenings before even proceeding to their flights and law enforcement became increasingly common to ensure the safety of flights and the well-being of others. 

        From the 1980 to the 2000s the bombing era became an issue that needed to be addressed and to combat that the aviation security improvement act came into fruition, which helped with improvements in all areas of aviation to prevent further accidents like the Pan Am flight that blew up killing over two hundred passengers and civilians on the ground from a bomb planted by a terrorist. And now we get to 2001 to present day, the threat of terrorism. September 11th, 2001 became the day the earth stood still from the shock it was blown from terrorists who hijacked multiple aircrafts that day and crashed them into the World Trade Center towers, the Pentagon, and crashing an aircraft with passengers in a field by Pittsburg. The outcome was the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks which held detailed items regarding terrorist attacks and recommendations to prevent those attacks. This is where aviation security was at its all time highest, the U.S. saw the areas that they needed to improve on security and took initiative to better aviation security and understand how to prevent these attacks from happening. To answer my question the events that took place from the eras of hijacking and bombing in the last 1960s to the early 2000s were what led to the rise in improvements and implementations that are now common practices found in aviation security. The events of 9/11 drove a nail through the concept of what can be done to be safer and prevent any future threats to occur.


Cusick, S. K., Cortes, A. I., & Rodrigues, C. C. (2017). Commercial aviation safety (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.


What is Cyber Security ? 

Cyber security can be defined as applications of technology, processing systems; and controls to protect programs, networks, data and devises from cyber attacks. Cyber security acts as a mitigation point, it was established to reduce the risk of cyber attacks and exploitation from unwanted sources that may have originated or evolved  in cyberspace. Cyberspace is the environment in which communication happens within computer networks. These attacks can be physical and remote and the protection against that is what we call cybersecurity.   Being that most of our aircrafts are computerized this is a huge threat for aircrafts, especially when we consider terroristic threats. Since 2015 cyber attacks have multiplied by 10, in 2006 there were a little over 5,500 incidences reported. In 2016 there were over 60,000 incidences reported. Experts have been skeptical of the risk that will be associated with the new technology to be released, NextGen has multiple cybersecurity vulnerabilities. There are a few different topics to consider when it comes to cyber security in the aviation industry. Boeing 787 and airbus 380 are electronic enabled aircraft, commonly known as e-enabled aircraft, they are a huge risk for cybersecurity being that they receive transmit data  that influences navigation, Maintnence and performance. In the event that a terrorist wanted to remotly hijack this aircraft, it would not be impossible. In the world of aviation, I believe that working together will only improve the standards and raise awareness throughout the industry. We must all work collectively to secure people. property and data.

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