What Are Your Social Values?93 A global environment requires that managers have to deal with people who hold many different values and ideas. Respond to each of the following statements based on your beliefs, indicating whether the statement is Mostly True or Mostly False for you. Mostly True Mostly False 1. Achieving one’s personal goals is more important than achieving team or organization goals. ______ ______ 2. Children should take great pride in the individual accomplishments of their parents and vice versa. ______ ______ 3. Pay and bonus systems should be designed to maximize individual interests over mutual interests. ______ ______ 4. I believe that orderliness and consistency should be stressed in society, even at the expense of experimentation and innovation. ______ ______ 5. Organizations work better when people do not break rules. ______ ______ 6. Organizations should spell out job requirements in detail so that employees know what they are supposed to do. ______ ______ 7. I want to compete for high-level jobs and high earnings. ______ ______ 8. People should be encouraged to be assertive rather than nonassertive. ______ ______ 9. In an organization, people should be encouraged to be tough more than tender. ______ ______ 10. As a manager, I would want an egalitarian working relationship with my direct reports rather than maintaining distance from them. ______ ______ 11. Organizations should encourage subordinates to question their leaders. ______ ______ 12. Authority should be based on one’s ability and contribution rather than on one’s position in the hierarchy. ______ ______ 13. People in society will be happier if they accept the status quo rather than try to change things for the days ahead. ______ ______ 14. I prefer a norm of taking life events as they occur rather than constantly planning ahead. ______ ______ 15. I believe in focusing on current problems rather than trying to make things happen for the future. ______ ______ Scoring and Interpretation These questions represent a measure of five cultural values as described by Geert Hofstete and the GLOBE Project. Give yourself one point for each answer marked Mostly True. Questions 1–3 are for individualism-collectivism. A higher score of 2–3 represents a belief toward individualism; a lower score of 0–1 means a belief more toward collectivism. Questions 4–6 are about uncertainty avoidance. A higher score of 2–3 means a value for low uncertainty in life; a lower score of 0–1 means a value for higher uncertainty. Questions 7–9 represent assertiveness. A higher score of 2–3 represents a value for people being assertive; a lower score of 0–1 means a value for people being nonassertive. Questions 10–12 represent power distance. A higher score of 2–3 means a value for low power distance; a lower score of 0–1 means a value for high power distance. Questions 13–15 represent time orientation. A higher score of 2–3 means an orientation toward the present; a lower score of 0–1 represents a future orientation. Your scores have both individual and societal meaning. Compare your scores to other students to understand your perception of the different values in your colleague group. On which of the five values would you personally like to score higher? Lower? These five values also differ widely across national cultures. Go to the Web site www.geert -hofstede.com/hofstede_dimensions.php and compare your country’s scores on the five values to the scores of people from other countries. (At this site, the term masculinity is used instead of assertiveness.) What surprises you about the differences across countries?
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