Question 1
Every member of the Delta Club is over 70 years old. Therefore, the Delta Club must be over 70 years old.
Answer
Ignorance
Composition
Authority
Circular reasoning
5 points
Question 2
The idea that black people in this country live in poverty is ridiculous. Look at Bill Cosby. He’s a millionaire. And so are Denzel Washington and Oprah Winfrey.
Answer
Division
Hasty generalization
False Analogy
Composition
5 points
Question 3
No one has ever proved that the human fetus is not a person with rights. Therefore, abortion is morally wrong.
Answer
Ignorance
Composition
Authority
Circular reasoning
5 points
Question 4
If someone rents a piece of land and plants crops on it, the landlord is never permitted to come and take those crops for himself when harvest time arrives. Similarly, if couples enlist the services of a surrogate mother to provide them with a baby, the mother should never be allowed to welch on the deal and keep the baby for herself once it is born.
Answer
Division
False analogy
Equivocation
No fallacy
5 points
Question 5
The farmers of our state have asked that we introduce legislation to provide subsidies for soybeans. Unfortunately, we will have to turn down their request. If we give subsidies to the soybean farmers, then the corn and wheat growers will ask for the same thing. Then it will be the cotton growers, citrus growers, truck farmers, and cattle raisers. In the end, the cost will be astronomical.
Answer
Authority
Circular reasoning
Genetic
Slippery slope
5 points
Question 6
Terrorists from the Middle East have crossed our borders and traveled through the country at will. Obviously the Immigration Service has not been doing its job.
Answer
Circular reasoning
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Authority
Slippery slope
5 points
Question 7
Motives and desires exert forces on people, causing them to choose one thing over another. But force is a physical quantity, governed by the laws of physics. Therefore, human choices are governed by the laws of physics.
Answer
Division
False analogy
Equivocation
No fallacy
5 points
Question 8
When a car breaks down so often that repairs become pointless, the car is thrown on the junk heap. Similarly, when a person becomes old and diseased, he or she should be mercifully put to death.
Answer
Division
Hasty generalization
False Analogy
Composition
5 points
Question 9
All persons act in order that they might get pleasure. Even so-called altruistic persons who help others so much that they do almost nothing for themselves get pleasure out of giving. Otherwise, they wouldn’t do it. Suppose a person hits himself over the head with a hammer. He must get pleasure from it, because why else would he do it if he didn’t get pleasure from it?
Answer
Circular reasoning
Composition
Either/Or Fallacy
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
5 points
Question 10
Televangelist Jerry Falwell said that God’s anger with feminism led to the destruction of the World Trade Center. Given Falwell’s closeness to God, we have no alternative than to blame the feminists for this atrocity.
Answer
Ignorance
Composition
Authority
Circular reasoning
5 points
Question 11
Of course animals have rights. Just look at how powerless they are in comparison with modern humans.
Answer
Ignorance
Composition
Authority
Circular reasoning
5 points
Question 12
White sheep eat more than black sheep (because there are more of them). Therefore, this white sheep eats more than that black sheep.
Answer
Division
False analogy
Equivocation
No fallacy
5 points
Question 13
We know that induction will provide dependable results in the future because it has always worked in the past. Whatever has consistently worked in the past will continue to work in the future, and we know that is true because it has been established by induction.
Answer
Circular reasoning
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Authority
Slippery slope
5 points
Question 14
Raising a child is like growing a tree. Sometimes violent things, such as cutting off branches, have to be done to force the tree to grow straight. Similarly, corporal punishment must sometimes be inflicted on children to force them to develop properly.
Answer
False analogy
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Circular reasoning
Ignorance
5 points
Question 15
Either we have prayer in our public schools or the moral fabric of society will disintegrate. The choice should be obvious.
Answer
Circular reasoning
Composition
Either/Or Fallacy
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
5 points
Question 16
Rhubarb pie is a dessert. Therefore, whoever eats rhubarb pie eats a dessert.
Answer
Bandwagon
Either/Or fallacy
Division
No fallacy
5 points
Question 17
If you find yourself paralyzed in bed for a few moments and see little creatures by your bed, you might conclude that you had experienced some kind of UFO alien abduction.
Answer
Hasty generalization
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Extravagant hypothesis
Ignorance
5 points
Question 18
A woman’s place is in the home. That’s the way it’s always been, so that’s the way it ought to be. Answer
Tradition
Composition
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Bandwagon
5 points
Question 19
Either the government imposes price controls on the cost of prescription drugs, or the pharmaceutical companies will continue to reap huge profits. Therefore, price controls must be imposed, because we cannot tolerate these huge profits any longer.
Answer
Bandwagon
Either/Or fallacy
Division
No fallacy
5 points
Question 20
Karen has just moved in with her boyfriend. She claims that living together before marriage is ethical since everyone is doing it now.
Answer
Bandwagon
Either/Or fallacy
Division
No fallacy
 
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