The first part is a 2-page position paper about a topic of your choice containing at least 2 economic arguments.
• The position paper must be about 2 pages. Times New Roman, font 12, single-spaced.
• You need to have References section to cite all the sources from which you extract information (This section is not counted into the 2-page requirement). Please use APA citation format: http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/citation/apa/intextcitation/
• Your work will be submitted through SafeAssign. SafeAssign checks your work against work available on the Internet as well as a database of student papers. This is plagiarism-detection tool and violations in the essay’s body of more than 10% (not counting the References section) will result in a significant reduction (at least 50%) in your grade of the assignment.
• You cannot submit your paper in another class without revision because SafeAssign will flag you for plagiarism.
The second part is a Reflection Letter (one page following the first part above in one pdf or Word file, Times New Roman, font 12, singled spaced). The Reflection Letter, addressing to your professor, is to reflect on what you have done and wish to do in your position paper. In your letter, please briefly answering following questions:
– What is your topic and where do you stand on that topic?
– List at least one strong and weak points of your paper
– What are the Economic concepts, theories or models that you use to support your arguments
– How do you want to improve your arguments in general? What do you need or wish to do in order to improve your argument in this paper?
– Name at least one new and interesting theory or concept that you have learnt in this Econ class (it does not matter whether you used it in your paper or not).
– Name at least one puzzling theory or concept that you have learnt in this Econ class.
Economics is a collection of questions about society’s issues, particularly how people maximize their happiness given their limited resources, and provides tools to solve those puzzles. For example, how can education solve global warming, poverty or political conflicts to make people better off? How is free market the cure for future financial crisis? The first part of the Signature Assignment gives you an opportunity to present your stance on a socioeconomic issue that you are interested in using what you have learned in your Economic class.
If this first part, you will write a position paper (examples are at the bottom of this document) on a socioeconomic issue of your choice. For instance, if you care about the reasons of the Great Recession, your position paper could express which side of the debate about the main culprits of the Recession that you are on. Some of you might say that the government was the main reason, while some other people might say that sketchy financial rating companies were the main reason. Whatever your position is, you need to give at least 2 arguments to support that in your paper. Another example: if you are interested in going vegan, your position paper could express your stance on animal abuse. You say, “We do not need to kill animals to have enough protein”, then provide arguments for that (e.g. “people can get enough protein from eating beans and peas). State the debate clearly at the beginning of your paper, and what your stance is so that the audience could understand what you are arguing for.
You have to use at least two economic arguments or theories that you have learnt so far to support your stance.
At the end of your paper, remember to list references of all the information sources that you use for your paper. The references are not counted in the paper’s length.
It is important that your issue does not have an obvious or easily searchable answer; they are not interesting otherwise! Your stance will not be judged to be right or wrong. This assignment mainly focuses on the way you express your opinion, defend it using Economic concepts and make it interesting to other people.
The rubric in the next page is used to mark your Signature Assignment. You can use it to ensure you meet all of the requirements. This material from Simon Fraser University, explains well how to produce a position paper: https://www.sfu.ca/cmns/130d1/WritingaPositionPaper.htm
Integrative learning is an understanding and a disposition that a student builds across the curriculum and cocurriculum, from making simple connections among ideas and experiences to synthesizing and transferring learning to new, complex situations within and beyond the campus.
Connects relevant experience and academic knowledge
|Meaningfully synthesizes connections among experiences
outside of the formal classroom (including life experiences and academic experiences such as internships and travel abroad) to deepen understanding of fields of study and to broaden own points of view.
|Effectively selects and develops examples of life experiences, drawn from a variety of contexts (e.g., family life, artistic participation, civic involvement, work experience), to illuminate concepts/theories/framework s of fields of study.||Compares life experiences and academic knowledge to infer differences, as well as similarities, and
acknowledge perspectives other than own.
|Identifies connections between life experiences and those academic texts and ideas perceived as similar and related to own interests.|
Discipline Sees (makes) connections across
|Independently creates wholes
out of multiple parts (synthesizes) or draws conclusions by combining examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.
|Independently connects examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.||When prompted, connects examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.||When prompted, presents examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.|
Adapts and applies
skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation to new situations
|Adapts and applies,
independently, skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation to new
situations to solve difficult problems or explore complex issues in original ways.
|Adapts and applies skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation to new situations to solve problems or explore issues.||Uses skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation in a new situation to contribute to understanding of problems or issues.||Uses, in a basic way, skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation in a new situation.|
|Fulfills the assignment(s) by choosing a format, language, or graph (or other visual representation) in ways that enhance meaning, making clear the interdependence of language and meaning, thought, and expression.
|Fulfills the assignment(s) by choosing a format, language, or graph (or other visual representation) to explicitly connect content and form, demonstrating awareness of purpose and audience.||Fulfills the assignment(s) by choosing a format, language, or graph (or other visual representation) that connects in a basic way what is being communicated (content) with how it is said (form).||Fulfills the assignment(s) (i.e. to produce an essay, a
poster, a video, a PowerPoint
presentation, etc.) in an appropriate form.
Demonstrates a developing sense of self as a learner, building on prior experiences to respond to new and challenging contexts (may be evident in self-assessment,
reflective, or creative work)
|Envisions a future self (and possibly makes plans that build on past experiences that have occurred across multiple and diverse contexts).||Evaluates changes in own learning over time, recognizing complex contextual factors (e.g., works with ambiguity and risk, deals with frustration, considers ethical frameworks).||Articulates strengths and challenges (within specific performances or events) to increase effectiveness in different contexts (through increased self-awareness).||Describes own performances with general descriptors of success and failure.|
Basic Outline of a Position Paper
(Position essays make a claim about something and then prove it through arguments and evidence)
- Introduction: Describe the problem and make it vivid for the reader. Your introduction should:
- Make the reader interested in this issue.
- Convince the reader that this is an important issue.
- Explain your point of view.
Introduction Ideas: unusual fact or statistic, intriguing statement, anecdote, example, question, historical background, story, typical scenario, conversation, interesting quotation, vivid description, a list, explaining a process, an analogy, frame story (part of story in the intro and the rest of the story in the conclusion).
Claim Sentence: Generally, the introduction will end with your claim or thesis (sometimes this will be the opening sentence, or you may put a question which is not fully answered until the conclusion). You may phrase this as a question or a statement.
- Body: The body will focus on one particular sort of claim: fact, definition, value, cause or policy. Your claim is what you want your audience to believe and it should be stated in one sentence. The claim can be placed in different points in the paper but is usually at the end of the intro or the first sentence of the body.
- Sub-claims: Your sub-claims should be two or more reasons why the reader should believe your claim. They should be supported using your sources. Be sure to use author tags and parenthetical citation in the correct format.
- Warrants/Backing (evidence to support warrants): Warrants are why you believe this claim to be true. Telling your warrants and backing them up is optional. The reason you would do so is to draw your reader into common ground with you. It is especially useful to do if you are appealing to a reader who holds a very different position from you on this issue, particularly on policy claims. (Examples: on the issue of abortion, both sides agree that reducing the number of abortions is desirable; on the issue of war, everyone agrees that the goal is to allow citizens to raise their families in peace). A discussion of warrants can be put in the intro, before or after the sub-claims or as part of the appeal in the conclusion.
- Rebuttal: The rebuttal is a discussion of other positions on this issue and explaining why your position is better. Again, you may use sources to support your position and you may also use qualifiers (sometimes, if, most of the time) to narrow your claim and encourage the audience to agree with you.
III. Conclusion: Conclusions can use some of the same techniques that you use in your introduction. Be sure your conclusion is linked to your introduction. Do not just repeat the claim, but draw a conclusion which urges the reader to believe it or do something about it. Ways to conclude:
- Make a final appeal to the reader and tell them what you want them to think or do.
- Depending on your topic, you may want to make an appeal to logic, emotion or authority
- Return to the intro and finish the frame story, or revise the story or description or conversation to show how things would be better if your proposal/claim is adopted.
- If you haven’t done so in the body, you can sometimes use a countering of other positions in the conclusion. Explain why your position is better.
- If you started with a question, you may save your final claim thesis for the end
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